According to a new report from the International Labor Organization (ILO) and International Agency for Renewable Energy (IRENA).
The Renewable Energy and Jobs: Annual Review 2022 identifies domestic market size as a major factor influencing job creation in renewables, along with labor and other costs.
Meanwhile, solar energy turned out to be the fastest growing sector. In 2021, it created 4.3 million jobs, more than a third of the current global renewable energy workforce.
In 2021, there were 1.3 million jobs in wind energy. Furthermore, there were 2.4 million direct jobs in hydropower in 2021. Two-thirds of these jobs were in industry, 30% were in construction and installation and about 6% in operation and maintenance. The total number of jobs in biofuels was 2.4 million in 2021, the vast majority of which were in the raw material activities. Biodiesel production and employment are increasing, while ethanol is decreasing.
Women accounted for a third of all renewable energy jobs.